The Marvel of books
The Marvel of books
Books are the most important of man’s possession for they contain all known ledge acquired since the dawn of Civilization the wisdom of the Ancient man’s achievement and failure, his beliefs and disbeliefs are all contained in books.
Printing of a book was done with wooden blocks. The earliest book known to have been produced by this method is a Buddhist scroll printed in China in the year 868.
Romans were first to fast in together sheets of parchment on one edge producing the shape of the book as Binod today.
Was hand operated it took him three years to produce 190 copies of the Gutenberg Bible published in 1455.
The first known return record consists of clay tablets dating from the 4th century BC pieces of freed were used as pens to write on the clay while it was damp writing was a Swift job in those days as it was impossible to write on the clay once it had dried
Ashurbanipal, Who was king of Syria around 650 BC, had a library of 20,000 clay tablet books on all sorts of subjects.
In the 11th century, the Koreans and the Chinese experimented printing with movable type. But it was not until the 15th century when johannes Gutenburg of Germany began printing, that movable type came into general use
Egyptians produce their books on Scrolls of papyrus brittle sheets of paper-like material made from the pith of the papyrus plant (from which we get the word paper)
In ancient China
Silk was used as the writing material in ad 105, a court of official, Ts’ai Lun, suggested writing on a solid mixture of pounded rags, and wood pulp thought to be the first use of paper
From the 2nd century, BC parchment replaced papyrus as the writing material of choice. parchment is made from animal skin and proved far stronger than papyrus.
Possibly the most beautiful book in the world is The Book of Kells. It was produced by monks in the ninth century on the Hebridean island of Iona. All but two of its 680 pages were illustrated over many years.
When Vikings invaded IONA in the year 806 some of the monks escaped to Ireland, taking the manuscript with them. Work continued on the book in Kells, in country meath, Sadly in 1006 the book was stolen. But the thieves were interested only in the gold and Jewel-encrusted cover. They tore this off and buried the pages. Three months later the pages were recovered in 1653 the book was moved to Dublin where it remained to this day.